What Do Millipedes Eat?

Millipedes are creepy crawly insects that live underground. They look like giant centipedes, but they don’t bite or sting humans. Millipedes feed on decaying plant material and soil bacteria.

Millipedes are found worldwide and can survive in extreme environments such as deserts and swamps. The largest species can grow up to 30 centimeters long.

Millipedes are often mistaken for termites because they share similar habits. Both types of insects are scavengers and feed on dead organic matter.

What Do Millipedes Eat?

Millipede food includes decaying plants, fungi, mosses, lichens, leaves, roots, bark, wood, seeds, animal carcasses, and other invertebrates.

Millipedes have a very simple digestive system. They use their mandibles (mouthparts) to chew through the food. Then, they pass it into their gut where enzymes break down the food.

Millipedes also have glands near their mouthparts that secrete chemicals that help them digest food. These chemicals may be poisonous to some animals.

Millipedes eat by using their antennae to feel around their environment. Their legs move back and forth, helping them push themselves forward.

Millipedes lay eggs in moist places. The eggs hatch after about two weeks. Millipedes usually only produce one generation each year.

What to Feed Millipedes as a Pet?

If you want to keep millipedes as pets, you should provide them with an appropriate diet. You can find commercial millipede diets at pet stores.

You can also make your own millipede diet. Mix together equal parts of dried grass, hay, and shredded paper. Add enough water to moisten the mixture.

You can add any kind of fruit or vegetable scraps to this mix. If you want to feed your millipedes fresh meat, cut small pieces from a chicken or beef bone.

How Does a Millipede Eat?

A millipede uses its mandibles to chew up the food. It then passes the food into its body cavity. There, the millipede’s stomach juices break down the food. Afterward, the millipede passes the undigested food out through its anus.

The millipede’s head is located at the front end of its body. Its eyes are on top of its head. Its antennae are attached to the sides of its head.

Millipedes can walk backward and forward by moving their hind legs first. When they need to turn around, they bend their bodies 180 degrees.

Millipedes’ antennae are used to sense their surroundings. They use these sensory organs to search for food.

Millipedes have no teeth. Instead, they use their jaws to crush and tear food.

How Much Does a Millipede Eat?

Millipedes typically consume 1/4 to 1/2 cup of food per day. This amount varies depending on the size of the millipede.

Millipedes tend to prefer rotting vegetation over dry foods. However, they will accept both kinds of food if given the opportunity.

How Long Can I Keep a Millipede As A Pet?

Most millipedes live between three months and five years. Some species can live longer than ten years.

How To Care For Your Millipedes

To care for your millipedes properly, you must provide them with proper housing. Provide your millipedes with a large container filled with damp soil.

Place your millipedes inside the container. Make sure there is plenty of room so they don’t bump into each other.

Keep the container outdoors during warm weather and indoors during cold weather.

Provide your millipedes with access to food and water.

Give your millipedes a place to hide when it gets dark outside. Place your millipedes in a box lined with wet newspaper.

When feeding your millipedes, avoid putting too much food in their containers. Overfeeding makes millipedes sluggish.

How Do I Clean My Millipedes?

Clean your millipedes regularly. Use a soft brush to remove dirt and debris from your millipedes.

Use a toothbrush to clean under their exoskeletons. Remove dead skin and parasites that may be living underneath.

Do not wash your millipedes with soap because this could harm them. Wash your millipedes with plain water instead.


Can millipedes eat fruit?

Yes, millipedes can eat fruits such as apples, bananas, grapes, and pears. However, millipedes usually eat only ripe fruits.

Do millipedes eat vegetables?

Yes, millipedies can eat vegetables like carrots, cucumbers, lettuce, onions, potatoes, peas, peppers, tomatoes, squash, and zucchini.

However, millipedes usually only eat rotten vegetables.

Do millipedes eat peanut butter?

Peanut butter contains a lot of fat which millipedes dislike. Therefore, millipedes won’t eat peanut butter.

Can millipedes eat potatoes?

Potatoes are high in starch which can cause digestive problems for millipedes. If you want to feed your millipedes potatoes, make sure they are cooked thoroughly before serving them.

Can millipedes eat corn?

Corn is very hard to digest. It also has an unpleasant smell. Because of these reasons, millipedes won’t eat corn.

Do millipedes eat insects?

Insects are considered a delicacy among millipedes. Many millipedes enjoy eating crickets, grasshoppers, and cockroaches.

Do millipedes eat ants?

Ants are beneficial insects. Ants help control pests like mosquitoes and flies. Therefore, millipeds should not eat ants.


Millipedes are fascinating creatures. They have many interesting facts about them. Hopefully, this article helped you learn more about millipedes.

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