Cedars are coniferous evergreen trees native to North America. They are often used for landscaping or building projects because they are durable and resistant to insects and rot. There are two main types of cedar trees: red and white.
There are several varieties of cedar trees that are commonly found throughout the United States. The most common species include: Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata), Eastern White Cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides) and Pacific Silver Fir (Abies amabilis).
How to Identify Cedar Trees
The easiest way to identify a cedar tree is by its leaves, which have three leaflets. The leaves grow in pairs on opposite sides of the branches. The leaflet closest to the stem is called the basal leaflet; it’s smaller than the other two. The middle leaflet is larger than the basal one and has serrated edges. The third leaflet is also large and rounded with smooth edges.
The bark of a cedar tree is thick and rough. It can be gray-brown, light brown or dark green depending on the variety of cedar tree.
The trunk of a cedar tree grows straight up from the ground. Its diameter ranges between 2 inches and 10 feet.
True Cedars Vs. False Cedars
Many people think all cedars are true cedars but there are actually two different kinds of cedars. True cedars are those that have heartwood and sapwood. Heartwood is the inner part of the tree where the wood fibers are long and strong. Sapwood is made of soft tissue and is usually lighter in color than the heartwood.
False cedars are trees that do not have heartwood. Instead, their wood is composed of thin layers of cells. These layers are separated by narrow gaps filled with resin. This type of wood does not contain any long fibers and therefore cannot be used as lumber.
15 Types of Cedar Trees
Red Cedar Tree (Thuja plicatifolia)
Red Cedar trees are native to North America. Their growth rate varies from 3 to 6 feet per year. They are very hardy plants and can survive harsh conditions such as drought, wind, salt spray and extreme temperatures.
Western Red Cedar (Thuya plicata)
Western Red Cedar trees are native to the western parts of North America. They are extremely fast growing and can reach heights of 80 feet within 20 years. Western Red Cedar trees are widely used for landscaping and construction projects.
White Cedar Tree (Chamaecyperus nootkatensis)
White Cedar trees are native to eastern Canada and the northeastern United States. They grow at an average height of 25 feet. Like Western Red Cedar trees, these trees are also used for landscaping and building projects.
Pacific Silver Fir (Abies Amabilis)
Pacific Silver Firs are native to the west coast of North America. They grow at an altitude of 1,000 feet above sea level.
Eastern White Cedar (Chamacecyparis Thyoides)
Eastern White Ceder trees are native to the east coast of North America. Their growth rates vary from 5 to 8 feet per year. They grow best in moist soil and are often planted near ponds, lakes and streams.
Deodar Cedar (Cedrus Deodara)
Deodar Cedars are native to India and Pakistan. They grow at an elevation of more than 4,500 feet above sea level. Deodar Cedars are considered sacred trees because they were traditionally used for religious ceremonies.
Cyprian Cedar (Cedrus brevifolia)
This species of cedar is native to Cyprus and Turkey. Cyprian Cedars grow at an elevation of about 2,200 feet above sea level. They are slow growing and rarely exceed 30 feet in height.
Spanish Cedar (Cedrela Odorata)
Spanish Cedars are native to South America. They grow in tropical rainforests and are known for their beautiful fragrance. Spanish Cedars are considered one of the most expensive woods available today.
Atlas Cedar (Cedrus Atlantica)
The Atlas Cedar grows at an elevation of over 3,000 feet above sea levels. It is a slow-growing tree that reaches its full size after 50 years or so. The Atlas Cedar has been used since ancient times for shipbuilding and other purposes.
Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani)
Cedar of Lebanon trees grow at an elevation of over 4,000 feet above sea-level. They are found in the Middle East and Mediterranean countries. Cedar of Lebanon trees produce fragrant wood that is highly prized for furniture making.
Alaskan Yellow Cedar (Cupressus nootkatensis)
Alaska Yellow Cedar trees grow at an elevation ranging between 1,100 and 1,800 feet above sea level. Their growth rate ranges from 10 to 15 feet per year. Alaska Yellow Cedar trees are often used for landscaping and architectural purposes.
Bermuda Cedar (Juniperus bermudiana)
Bermuda Ceder trees grow at an elevation between 100 and 300 feet above sea level. These trees have long been used by sailors for masts and spars. Bermuda Ceder trees are also popular for landscaping and architectural uses.
Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)
Incense Cedar Trees grow at an elevation of up to 3,300 feet above sea level. Incense Cedar trees are native to China and Korea. They are used for ornamental purposes as well as incense burning.
Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)
Japenese Ceder trees grow at elevations between 500 and 3,000 feet above seas level. Japanese Ceder trees are native only to Japan. They are used for landscaping and architecture.
Siberian Larch (Larix sibirica)
Siberian Larch trees grow at an elevation from 900 to 3,000 feet above the sea level. This tree is native to Russia and Siberia. Its timber is used for interior finishing.
How to Plant Cedar Trees
When you buy your new cedar trees, it is important to know how to plant them correctly. There are several different ways to plant cedar trees depending on the type of tree you want to purchase. If you want to plant a single cedar tree, then you will need to follow these steps:
1. Dig a hole twice the width of the root ball and three times the depth of the root ball.
2. Place the root ball into the hole and fill with soil.
3. Water thoroughly and wait until the roots begin to take hold before planting.
If you want to plant a group of cedar trees, then you will need some additional information. You can either dig holes around the base of each individual tree or use a large container to plant all of the trees together. You should make sure that there is enough space around the base of the tree for water drainage. When planting a group of cedar plants, you will need to do the following:
1. Dig holes around the base of the trees.
2. Fill the hole with soil.
3. Water thoroughly and wait until the plants start to take hold before planting more.
4. After planting, mulch around the base of the cedar trees to prevent weeds from growing.
5. Keep the area watered regularly.
6. Wait until the cedar trees reach maturity before harvesting.
7. Remove any dead branches from the trees.
8. Prune the tops of the trees if necessary.
9. Use a sharp knife to cut off the top of the tree when pruning.
10. Cut the branch back to about one third of the original length.
11. Trim away any leaves that may be hanging down.
12. Spray the tree with insecticide if needed.
13. Repeat this process every few years.
14. Enjoy your beautiful cedar trees!
How fast do cedar trees grow?
Cedar trees grow very slowly. The average height of most cedar trees is 30-50 feet. Some varieties of cedar trees can grow to heights of over 200 feet. It takes approximately 40 years for a cedar tree to reach its full size. During this time, the tree will produce cones which contain seeds. These seeds eventually fall to the ground where they sprout into saplings.
What are the benefits of cedar trees?
There are many reasons why people choose to have cedar trees in their yards. One reason is because cedar trees add beauty and value to homes. They also provide shade during hot summer days. Cedar trees help reduce air pollution by absorbing carbon dioxide. In addition, cedar trees improve the quality of our environment by reducing noise levels.
Are cedar trees hardy?
Yes, cedar trees are hardy. However, it is best to check with your local nursery to see what kind of climate conditions your region experiences. If you live in an area that gets cold winters, then you might not want to plant cedar trees.
Where can I get cedar trees?
You can find cedar trees at nurseries. Many nurseries sell cedar trees as well as other kinds of trees. Make sure that you ask your nursery about which varieties of cedar trees they carry.
Do cedar trees require much maintenance?
No, cedar trees do not require much maintenance. They only need to be fertilized once per year with a slow release fertilizer. This helps them to stay healthy and strong.
How long does it take to mature?
It takes about 40 years for a cedars tree to reach its full growth potential. Once the tree reaches its full size, it will begin producing cone shaped flowers. These flowers will eventually turn into small green berries. The berries will ripen after several months and will drop to the ground. The seeds inside these berries will germinate and become new cedar trees.
What is the difference between cedar and cypress trees?
A cedar tree has thin needles while a cypress tree has thick needles. Cedar trees are native to North America while cypress trees are native to South America.
What is the difference between a cedar tree and a juniper tree?
Both cedar trees and juniper trees are evergreen trees. Junipers have thicker needles than cedar trees.
What does a full grown cedar tree look like?
A full grown cedar tree looks like a large pine tree. Its trunk is usually around 10 feet tall and wide. The branches spread out from the trunk and grow upwards until they form a crown.
Are there male and female cedar trees?
Male cedar trees have pollen sacs on their branches. Female cedar trees lack pollen sacs on their branch tips.
The cedar trees mentioned above are just a small selection of the many varieties available today. The best way to find out which variety would work best for your home is to visit your local nursery and ask their staff for help. It is also possible to order online if you wish to save money. Once you have chosen your cedar trees, you can enjoy their beauty for years to come.