Eugenia Topiary: Care and Growing Guide

Do you feel like you desire something live and all-natural as your home’s fence? Then, it’s wise to consider Eugenia topiary hedging as the ideal way to go green. Like other eugenia plants, the Eugenia topiary adds the touch of beauty and privacy that you need.

While eugenia topiary can be a fence, it can serve other purposes to your liking. For example, it’s a prolific addition to your porch, patio, or home garden. The fact that it’s topiary, hence shape-able, makes it worth your home space and your bucks.

Whichever the choice of inclusion into your home, you still get the most out of this hardy annual plant. It blends with its close surrounding with its foliage and white flowers that strike a pretty amalgamation of colors.

Knowing its potential usefulness is the tip of the iceberg. Check out this article which gives a deeper insight into eugenia topiary.

Eugenia Topiary Unique Characteristics

Eugenia topiary boasts distinct traits that distinguish it from other landscaping plants. These traits are important to mark before making your final decision on whether to plant it in your home or not. Here is an outline of the characteristics/traits:

Origin: Australia

Botanical name: Eugenia myrtifolia/ Syzgygium paniculatum

Plant type: Annual/tropical

Leaf appearance: glossy green, ovoid in shape, and 1.2- 3.5 in. long.

General appearance: compact woody growth habit, dense evergreen foliage

Flowering: white bisexual flowers existing in clusters

Maximum height: 4-5 ft

Maximum spread:  2-3 inches

Maximum trunk size:14 inches

Bloom time: Midsummer

Time to maturity: 12 months

Life span: very long, about 40-50 years

USDA hardy zones:  9-11; potted in hardy zones below 9

Growth Parameters To Consider

Any plant relates to specific environmental conditions for yield and growth. And eugenia topiary behaves the same way.

Regardless of its high survival rate, consider its relevant environmental factors. This is for the sake of its proper health and attractive appearance all year round. Its beauty never comes on its own but relies on your compliance with these conditions.


Eugenia topiary can grow in any soil type. Its resilience depicts that it requires minimal special care. But it does not mean it lacks a soil preference.

It thrives in well-drained soils, which gives loam soils an advantage over the rest. It does not get along with water-logging soils that keep water for long periods. pH-wise, this sculptable plant tolerates soils of weak acidity to moderate alkalinity. That’s a pH range of 5.0 to 8.5.

However, one can make amendments to meet these soil conditions. The best idea is to conduct a laboratory soil test to determine the exact composition of soil in your home. This way, you get to discern the right amendments for your soil instead of going by presumptions.


Since it’s a tropical type of plant, it’s difficult for eugenia topiary to endure little to no sunlight. It’s a sun lover, and for that reason, it should be exposed to full sunlight or part shade. This implies that the pretty topiary should receive at least 4-5 hours of full sunlight a day for maximal bloom and excellent performance.

The intensity of sunlight depends on the area’s climate. In tropical regions, this dense plant rarely faces sunlight deficiency. That’s why the planting mostly is outdoors in-ground in these regions.

For temperate areas, plant the eugenia topiary in a pot during summer, and move it indoors on frosty days. When indoors, place it at a spot that receives plenty of indirect sunlight, like by the window or at the patio door. Incorporate the use of indoor plant lighting if there’s insufficient sunlight.


No earth plant can grow without water; even adapting is unthinkable. The adorable eugenia plant, although drought-tolerant, needs a supply of water for survival.

Watering eugenia topiary is tricky as it requires keenness in moderation. Because of its intolerance towards water-logging, you need to know the frequency of watering that suits it best. Overwatering is as harmful as little watering.

Regular watering is good in its growing season. It helps enhance deep rooting and overall strength until it establishes maturity. Generally, water at least once weekly to replenish the soil moisture content.

Type Of Fertilizer

Using a fertilizer on eugenia topiary maintains its constant growth and dense foliage. You don’t apply any fertilizer that comes to mind, but a balanced 5-5-5 fertilizer in the first year of growth. In the following year, advance to a 10-10-10 NPK fertilizer applied once every season.

Start with an organic fertilizer in its young stage since its young roots are prone to nitrogen burn.

Note: Never apply the fertilizer on either the trunk or the foliage.

Care and Planting Eugenia Topiary: Simple Guide

Planting this tough-stemmed plant with utmost care is as easy as its maintenance. For your first eugenia topiaries, you got no other choice but to buy its seeds or cuttings for a start. These seeds, when grown in a tree nursery, germinate into seedlings within 3-4 weeks. After which, they are ready for transplanting.

When buying the cuttings, look out for disease-stricken and physically damaged stems. Then, avoid them to alleviate unnecessary monetary losses.

Before Transplanting/Planting

There are some noteworthy considerations before you transplant the seedling or cutting. These considerations determine whether your eugenia topiary will sprout and bloom.

  • Equip yourself with clean equipment such as a container, pruning shears, and a plastic bag.
  • If it’s a cutting, plant it as soon as you get it home. For delayed planting, mist the leaves with water and cover the cutting with a plastic bag. Then place it in a sunny spot indoors while you keep it watered.
  • In the USDA hardy zone below 9, plant in pots or containers for optimal protection from frost.
  • Whichever container type you choose, it should have some holes at its bottom to prevent root rot. Clay pots are better than the plastic and metal type, being that they are highly porous.
  • Ensure the soil in use is well-drained and moist. If possible, supplement with peat and perlite when planting. In totality, take into account all the growth parameters and requirements.
  • Make sure to remove any large rocks when preparing the planting location of this hardy plant.
  • Right before planting, hydrate the roots by immersing the roots in water for ten minutes. And pluck off any wilted or discolored leaves that show no sign of recovery.

Planting Instructions for Potted Eugenia Topiary

STEP 1: Start by setting the soil in the pot. Fill the pot with soil 4 inches high from the bottom. Also, mix with a handful of sand to augment drainage.

STEP 2: Finger fork through the root ball to spread out the surface roots. That prepares the rootball to be ready for transplanting.

STEP 3: Dig out a hole in the soil and fix the lower section of the rootball in the same hole. Position the eugenia topiary well and fill the hole with soil. Pat the soil around the seedling’s rootball, compacting it to support the plant.

STEP 4: Spread a vast cover of mulch around your eugenia plant for high moisture retention. The mulch can be compost, grass, straws, or shredded barks.

While you can pot eugenia topiary, you can also plant it in the ground, in zone 10. The procedure does not change much. Only for inground planting, tilling the ground is deeper to 18 inches depth.

Companion Plants

Eugenia topiary can grow solitary or in mixed groupings with other plants. The decision lies with you. What if you think of clustering it, which plants are the best to match?

Here is a recommended list. These plants bring a pop of color to the green topiary to accent the beauty of the background features.

  • Mid-sized Bougainvillea
  • Drift rose
  • Hibiscus
  • Mondo grass
  • Camellias
  • Cycads
  • Juniper
  • Cocoplum
  • Green island ficus and many more.

Edible Eugenia Topiary

Most eugenia owners have one question unanswered: if they can consume any parts of this attractive plant.

You will notice that eugenia topiary yields cherry-like fruits by taking a close look at it. These fruits are acknowledged to be edible and safe for human consumption. The stems, flowers, and foliage, on the contrary, are inedible and tend to be poisonous if ingested.

The eugenia topiary fruits, when ripe, turn red. Besides, they boast a sweet to sour taste depending on the degree of ripeness. In terms of food use, they can be constituents of jams, jellies, and flavorings.

Final Thoughts

An inclusion of eugenia topiary into your home is the beginning of a lovely welcoming home. Like most landscaping plants, it presents its outstanding characteristics found in no other.

When you own it, you own beauty and gorgeousness. But to fetch the best out of eugenia topiaries, follow their environmental preferences. And you’ll get the perfection you’ve been searching for in garden plants.

Otherwise, actualize this transformative idea to create a paradise out of your home. For beginners, it’s ideal; it’s pure bliss!

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