Bugambilia is one plant that blooms with unwavering vibrancy and rich colorfulness. Its magnificent appearance is a sight to behold, a sight to reminisce. It’s the ornamental plant you’ll crave to have in your backyard.
It’s the plant you’ll desire to know everything about. Right from how it’s grown, how to care for it to the maintenance processes.
The benefits of having Bugambilia expose the extent to which this plant is highly therapeutic other than its colorful physical esthetics. The love for Bugambilia is a seed once grown never dies.
Like you meticulously read your favorite novels, it’s twice worthwhile to plow the same energy into this short write-up. Get to learn more about Bugambilia.
You might think this is a plant you know nothing about but there is this shocker for you! You are most likely aware of bougainvillea, camelina, or for our Spanish counterparts, Luganville is the most familiar term.
These names, conclusively, refer to Bugambilia. And whichever is your name preference does not affect or alter the characteristics and the dynamic aspects of this plant.
If you are completely clueless about this kind of flora, you are not left out. Still, stuck at how it looks like? Worry no more.
First, you deserve to know Bugambilia exists in a wide array of varieties. Therefore, there are distinct differences from one type of breed to another, but with common similarities.
These varieties are more than 200. What’s more, they are hybrids of two of either of the three main Bugambilia plant species, namely: Bougainvillea spectabilis, Bougainvillea glabra, and bougainvillea Arborea. It’s best to focus on these three primary species in pointing out the major differences.
Hence it’s even easier to capture the similarities from this smaller cohort of Bugambilia varieties.
Differences in the three main species
So which are these differences?
Bougainvillea spectabilis boasts a shrub-like appearance and tends to be perennials. Often, blossoms in rainier areas. Its evergreen oval leaves are broad with an alternating mechanism on the branches. The bracts are also ovoid with either red or purple pigmentation.
It’s also a creeping plant that supports itself on other plants or against a wall or fence enabled by the large curvy thorns and the twining stems. When you look at its incandescent flowers, they exhibit shades of purple.
Moving forward to Bougainvillea glabra, often referred to as paper flower usually has clumps of flower with glowing papery bracts in the closest surrounding. This species has fewer and smaller thorns than those of the bougainvillea spectabilis.
Even the leaves, bracts, and branches are smaller. The leaves are dark green while the bracts are magenta or purple. Bougainvillea glabra is a lesser bougainvillea spectabilis.
Lastly, the Bougainvillea Arborea, the newest species, grows like a tree with a solid single trunk. Unlike the other two, it’s thornless with a nice fragrance. Its bracts radiate with lavender purple color which is very distinct.
In all, the branches intertwine and are climbers. The flowers occur in clusters and the leaves are ever oval and broad. Though for the hybrids, the colors are not only the ones stated before, but also cream, yellow, orange, pink, and reddish pink.
Favorable Conditions For Its Growth
● Soil characteristics
When it comes to the right soil for planting bougainvillea, several factors are considered.
The Bugambilia plant sprouts best in well-drained soils, specifically enriched loamy soil. Though, it can survive in whichever type of soil it grows in. The well-drained soil typically should possess a maximum pH of 6.0 for the bougainvillea to bloom.
If the soil is extremely poorly drained, then it necessitates conditioning the soil to meet the correct soil standard that supports the growth of Bugambilia. Advisably, you can amend the soil with organic compost in the right proportions, which could be a ratio of 3:1 for instance.
● Exposure to sunlight
Bugambilia blossoms when exposed to a sufficient amount of sunlight. It’s a sun-loving plant. Of all the favorable conditions, adequate sunlight tops the list. It should always be the number one consideration.
If potted indoors, ensure to locate it at a position it gets readily hit by plenty of sunlight for at least six hours. But it thrives best when exposed to sunlight for up to twelve hours a day. Keep in mind that bugambilia is tolerant to inadequacy. The reason it can do well in temperate regions which experience changing climatic seasons.
● Moisture capacity
Bugambilia prefers relatively moist conditions for its growth. If the soil is too dry, it requires one to deeply water this plant monthly or earliest, after three weeks.
Frequent deep waterings make the soil overly wet. And in turn, the leaves blossom more than the flower. So, it needs you to carefully moderate the water quantity. If you decide to water often, perform shallow waterings. Small amounts of water daily could work.
● Suitable fertilizers
The plant, bugambilia, fill your patio with beauty because of its good health and pretty flower clusters. Achieving the nice blooms involves using the right fertilizer to boost every component of the bugambilia.
The right fertilizer basically refers to a slow-release fertilizer solution with balanced quantities of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. The most appropriate ratio is either 10-10-10 or 5-5-5. Excess nitrogen impedes plentiful flower blooms and stimulates the growth of the leafy sections.
How To Grow Bugambilia Successfully
Growing bougainvillea could either be indoors in pots or outdoors depending on one’s preference.
Check out these planting tips which are of help to any interested parties:
- First thing is to make a final decision whether you want it potted indoors or grown in the ground/potted outdoors. This is important in identifying the right location for sufficient exposure to full sunlight. For places that experience changing seasons, the best idea is to plant the bugambilia in the pot outdoors during the summer season. When winter onsets, it’s easier to get your bugambilia indoors safe from the frosty weather.
- Ensure the soil is well-drained moist and with the right pH as described earlier on soil conditions that promote bugambilia blooms. If you decide to go the potted way, choose the correct type of soil. Remember, the soil can be improved to the perfect correctness required.
- Retained moisture in the soil is an enemy to the survival of bugambilia roots. This is likely to happen in potted bugambilias which if not solved, the roots severely rot. That’s why you should create some tiny holes in the pot itself to slowly drain out the excess moisture.
- Once you are sure everything is set, the next is to plant or transplant the bugambilia. Start with installing trellis along the bed’s edge if you are planting in the ground. For bugambilias expected to grow onto the fence or wall, fix the trellis close to these support systems. The best trellis should be 10-15 feet wide and 10 feet high
- At the base of the trellis, dig out a hole with the same depth as the bugambilia’s initial pot. The width should be twice big. Knife-cut round the base of the pot, with care not to penetrate the rootball, and remove the cut base. That enables the roots to grow out of the pot into their new home without interfering with the rootball.
- Add the right fertilizer into the hole to promote flowering and help the roots to grow. And transfer the pot (transplanting) into the hole.
- Fill the base of the plant with soil by patting lightly to make the soil firm and closely packed and the root ball fully covered. That marks the final planting procedure to be undertaken.
- Water the bugambilia to attain damp soil but in moderation such that the soil does not become waterlogged. It’s safest to deeply water after every three or four weeks. Also, supply the bugambilia with high phosphate fertilizer a few months a year to keep it healthy and robust.
Some people stop at transplanting the bugambilia, watering and feeding the bugambilias with fertilizers. To them, it feels like it’s all that pertains to caring for bugambilias. Yet there’s more to that.
Bugambilia sometimes requires pruning when it completes its blooming season. And as much as they are pest-resistant, it doesn’t mean they are entirely not prone to pest attack. They also get weighed down by pests like aphids and caterpillars.
Pruning Bugambilia requires you to have sharp pruning shears for the activity. Pruning is essential to promote the healthy vegetative growth and flowering of bugambilia plants.
One thing to note is pruning and trimming does not mean the same. Trimming bugambilia works to maintain the desired size and shape of the bugambilia and is not as massive as pruning is.
Pruning involves cutting away the dead and the overgrown branches and stems of the bugambilia. You can also prune the branches growing in the wrong direction.
It is done at the bud node to encourage the growth of a new branch at the cut joint. You can prune this plant any day of the year to how you want it except during hot weather or frosty conditions.
Pest Control and Mitigation Measures
It’s not a single pest that’s known to be a common predator to bugambilia plants. Apart from aphids and caterpillars, there are the mealybugs and giant whiteflies.
Aphids like to clump together in colonies on the leaves. It’s hard to notice one aphid. They suck the juice from the bugambilia and release some excretions that turn into a black powdery substance. The mealybugs also stay in clusters and suck too and caterpillars eat up the foliage. It’s crystal clear that all these pests are destructive and harmful to bugambilia.
The only way to eliminate their presence is to apply strong insecticides that will not leave any trace of them. Neem oil and any recommended non-toxic pesticide easily wash them away. This is one way of getting rid of pests among other pest control measures.
Always try to avoid chemical pesticides which will go beyond killing the pests and suffocate the bugambilia too. Otherwise, pest infestation is a rare occurrence that’s easy to handle. It should never give you a headache.